Employees’ Provident Funds Scheme, 1952


Every worker wants security & maintenance for old age. The provident Fund act-1952 deals with provident funds relating to only Govt., railways and local authorities. Therefore, it was considered desirable to introduce a private scheme for industrial workers. As a result, the provident fund act 1952 was passed which initially provided for payment of pension fund to employees in industries specified in schedule-1.


Employee Definition:
“Employee” as defined in Section 2(f) of the Act means any person who is employed for wages in any kind of work, manual or otherwise, in or in connection with the work of an establishment, and who gets wages directly or indirectly from the employer and includes any person employed by or through a contractor in or in connection with the work of the establishment.

All the employees (including casual, part time, Daily wage contract etc.) other then an excluded employee are required to be enrolled as members of the fund the day, the Act comes into force in such establishment.

Basic Wages:
“Basic Wages” means all emoluments which are earned by employee while on duty or on leave or holiday with wages in either case in accordance with the terms of the contract of employment and witch are paid or payable in cash, but dose not include

a. The cash value of any food concession;

b. Any dearness allowance (that is to say, all cash payment by whatever name called paid to an employee on account of a rise in the cost of living), house rent allowance, overtime allowance, bonus, commission or any other allowance payable to the employee in respect of employment or of work done in such employment.

c. Any present made by the employer.

Excluded Employee:
“Exclude Employee” as defined under para 2(f) of the Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme means an employee who having been a member of the fund has withdraw the full amount of accumulation in the fund on retirement from service after attaining the age of 55 years; Or An employee, whose pay exceeds Rs. 5000 per month at the time, otherwise entitled to become a member of the fund.


The act is designed to provide a substantial measure of financial security and timely monetary assistance to the industrial workers and their families through the institution of compulsory provident funds.


The act extends to the whole of India except the state of jammu & Kashmir.

Applies for:

The statutory scheme applies to-

a. whose monthly salary or wages are upto Rs.6500

b. who are employeed in factories,employing 20 or more persons

c. who  are engaged in scheduled industries and activities listed under tha act.

Employee Provident Fund Scheme:
Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme takes care of following needs of the members:
(i) Retirement

(ii) Medical Care                      

(iii) Housing
(iv) Family obligation

(v) Education of Children
(vi) Financing of Insurance Polices

How the Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme works:
As per amendment-dated 22.9.1997 in the Act, both the employees and employer contribute to the fund at the rate of 12% of the basic wages, dearness allowance and retaining allowance, if any, payable to employees per month. The rate of contribution is 10% in the case of following establishments:

  • Any covered establishment with less then 20 employees, for establishments cover prior to 22.9.97.
  • Any sick industrial company as defined in clause (O) of Sub-Section (1) of Section 3 of the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985 and which has been declared as such by the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction,
  • Any establishment which has at the end of any financial year accumulated losses equal to or exceeding its entire net worth and

Any establishment engaged in manufacturing of  (a) jute  (b) Breed  (d) coir  and  (e)  Guar gum Industries/ Factories. The contribution under the Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme by the employee and employer will be as under with effect from 22.9.1997.

Withdrawal before retirement:
A member can withdraw upto 90% of the amount of provident fund at credit after attaining the age of 54 years or within one year before actual retirement on superannuation whichever is later. Claim application in form 19 may be submitted to the concerned Provident Fund Office.

Accumulations of a deceased member:
Amount of Provident Fund at the credit of the deceased member is payable to nominees/ legal heirs. Claim application in form 20 may be submitted to the concerned Provident Fund Office.

Transfer of Provident Fund account:
Transfer of Provident Fund account from one region to other, from Exempted Provident Fund Trust to Unexampled Fund in a region and vice-versa can be done as per Scheme. Transfer Application in form 13 may be submitted to the concerned Provident Fund Office.

The member of Provident Fund shall make a declaration in Form 2, a nomination conferring the right to receive the amount that may stand to the credit in the fund in the event of death. The member may furnish the particulars concerning himself and his family. These particulars furnished by the member of Provident Fund in Form 2 will help the Organization in the building up the data bank for use in event of death of the member.

Annual Statement of account:

As soon as possible and after the close of each period of currency of contribution, annual statements of accounts will de sent to each member through of the factory or other establishment where the member was last employed. The statement of accounts in the fund will show the opening balance at the beginning of the period, amount contribution during the year, the total amount of interest credited at the end of the period or any withdrawal during the period and the closing balance at the end of the period. Member should satisfy themselves as to the correctness f the annual statement of accounts and any error should be brought through employer to the notice of the correctness Provident Fund Office within 6 months of the receipt of the statement.

Source: Scribd.com

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