Toyota’s most popular car in North America is the inexpensive Camry, the car targeted at the lower end of the market. Based on informal information from sales records and competitor sales, Toyota executives, especially CEO Toyoda, perceived a need to move into the luxury car market. The people who for years bought Camrys were moving up in life and wanting more expensive cars, such as the BMW, Mercedes, Porsche, and Cadillac.
To fully define the decision requirements, Toyota dispatched 20 designers to the United States to study what customers wanted. They visited dealers, buttonholed car buyers, and organized focus groups. They learned that the need was for a luxury car that would suit younger buyers who wanted to buy European cars but could not yet afford them. Because the United States was the major market, a small team stayed in California designing clay models. In the meantime, the U.S. subsidiary, Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc., staged expensive consumer research and discovered that the average sales prospect was a 43-year-old male with a household income of $100,000.…
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A PEST analysis is an analysis of the external macro-environment that affects all firms. P.E.S.T. is an acronym for the political, Economic, Social, and technological factors of the external macro-environment. Such factors usually are beyond the firm’s control and sometimes presents themselves as threats. For this reason, some say that “PEST” is an appropriate term for these factors. However, changes in the external environment also create new opportunities and the letters sometimes are rearranged to construct the more optimistic term of STEP analysis.
Many macro-environmental factors are country-specific and a PEST analysis will need to be performed for all countries of interest. In the following, the analysis of the political, economic, social and technological factors leads to a description of the macro environment of Dell computers.
The political environment of a country is influenced by the political organisations such as philosophy of political parties, ideology of government or party in power, nature and extent of bureaucracy influence of primary groups etc.…
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Nokia Corporation engages in the manufacture of mobile devices and mobile network equipment, as well as in the provision of related solutions and services worldwide. The company has four main business functions or segments: Mobile Phones, Multimedia, Enterprise Solutions, and Networks. The Mobile Phones segment provides various mobile voice and data devices. This segment offers mobile phones and devices based on GSM/EDGE, 3G/WCDMA, and CDMA cellular technologies.
PEST Analysis of Nokia
PEST analysis identifies the political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal factors that of which directly affect a company.
Political/Legal environment are usually considered as one because they are enforced by the nation’s government. It is vital for Nokia’s operation because different nations with their respective government have different Political/Legal platforms respectively; Nokia operating on global level must abide to ground rules and regulation in different markets of host countries around the world. To its success, Nokia surveys its scope of limits in order to isolate prohibited actions, regulations and aid from the government so as to withstand the international trade.…
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As one of the largest computer manufacturers in the world, Dell Computer Company has grown tremendously since its incorporation in 1984 by Michael Dell. Dell’s Direct Model, which is largely responsible for the success of the company, provides a fast, cost-efficient, and customer friendly means of production and distribution. Now, in a market that is ever changing, competitors are challenging Dell with new and unique products in an effort to overcome the superiority of the Direct Model. The growth and development of laptop computers is a primary area in which Dell can work for continued success, despite the threats posed by its competitors.
SWOT (Strength, Weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis provides a basis for crafting a strategy that capitalizes on the company’s resources, while taking advantage of the best opportunities, and defending against the threats to its well being. In developing a new laptop computer, Dell would like to target three specific segments. The first, business executives generally receive their computers from their employer through a direct relationship with a manufacturer or a supplier.…
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