A PEST analysis is an analysis of the external macro-environment that affects all firms. P.E.S.T. is an acronym for the political, Economic, Social, and technological factors of the external macro-environment. Such factors usually are beyond the firm’s control and sometimes presents themselves as threats. For this reason, some say that “PEST” is an appropriate term for these factors. However, changes in the external environment also create new opportunities and the letters sometimes are rearranged to construct the more optimistic term of STEP analysis.
Many macro-environmental factors are country-specific and a PEST analysis will need to be performed for all countries of interest. In the following, the analysis of the political, economic, social and technological factors leads to a description of the macro environment of Dell computers.
The political environment of a country is influenced by the political organisations such as philosophy of political parties, ideology of government or party in power, nature and extent of bureaucracy influence of primary groups etc. Political factors include government regulations and legal issues determining the conditions under which companies have to operate. In this field, DELL computers has to face certain restraints. Like in all markets, DELL computers is also subject to laws that regulate virtually all aspects of their business, including such areas as health safety, pollution, and advertising and labelling requirements.…Read More »