Global Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

In recent years, the evolution of the concept of training has been dazzled by the emergence and consolidation of information and communications technologies (ICT), the Internet and its implementation on the World Wide Web has facilitated access to all types of necessary information, causing a considerable increase in interactivity between people from different continents and countries of the world, providing the possibility of developing their skills and abilities for teleworking, multicultural interaction, access to information, knowledge and education with the objective of reducing the digital divide, this being the subject addressed in this article.

Global Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Globalization consists of the increasing communication between the different countries of the world unifying their societies, societies and cultures markets, through a series of transformations at a global level. Communications and computing are the engine of globalization, since that advances in computing and electronic elements used for communications have been admirable in the field of global economy. The ETI (Electronics, Technology and Information) and ICT (Information Technology and Telecommunications) have arrived to be a fundamental part of globalization in its progress, since these not only gave their origin but also were the basis of knowledge and society. ICTs are part of the technological culture, since they help an advance of knowledge of man. These give us great advantages, because they are fast processors of viable information for our knowledge, they contain a large amount of data in their storage base and we can communicate with various information programs. As we all know the most powerful base of ICT is the internet, which opens the doors to new information windows. This program gives people a third world which we can connect to real life, since it gives people on the web activities that can be developed didactic or logical and several programs that any service can access.

ICTs feel the birth of scientific knowledge are part of the evolution in socioeconomic development thus modifying the value system. This technology has managed to grow and grow in all areas and strata of society, each time with more advanced and new technologies that can be easily accessed. But like its advantages it has its disadvantages, such as the lack of security or lack of information that is essential and, in most cases, that not all families can access this technological field many times due to financial problems. This technology has been the ease of development of large companies that work globally. More than anything we must bear in mind that people who use this type of technology cannot be illiterate, knowing that a quantity could be said to be large is illiterate. In the 21st century more and more people are obtaining ICT, in urban and rural towns, even in the low-income urban parts more and more people manage to have access to this technology and obviously more developed countries do it with more speed. According to statistics 80% in E-commerce are transitions between companies only 20% is trade to final consumers, that most companies use technologies in the field of the market even more than the final consumers named above. The same needs of the people who manage the ICTs make these technologies increasingly have technological advances, since people are increasingly looking for more truthfulness in the information technology. Until they find the perfect speed of these servers. In what has been said previously, it can be analyzed that ICT technology and globalization go from one to the other, since as previously mentioned telecommunications and technologies are the basis fundamental of globalization, since ICT technology is used in the global economy through communications that are established in the network or other information technologies in the global market. But they are not only linked in the economic fields global, but also in the fields at a social level comprising more than everything cultural, since this computer revolution encompasses more than all political culture and international relations. As we know the internet is the most powerful source of ICT and which is used by most countries globally, this site is used for interpersonal relationships worldwide and is also obtained knowledge of the worldwide marketing field. We must bear in mind that in the technological world, globalization depends on the technological advances in the community, in which it includes transport. We know that ICT is what makes up the internet, information technology and technology tools that are the most used in the world of global communication at the social and economic political level.

Influence of the free software in a digital world; the digital divide is caused by many factors, usually of economic types, either because of the high cost of software or hardware. In the case of hardware, it is more difficult for a human being to do something to avoid its cost, but in the case of software its completely different. It is here where free software appears as an alternative to give access to technology to those groups which, in the absence of free software, would have been much more difficult to access. Free software, by helping to reduce the digital divide, allows people to improve the quality of life by letting them know about technology and allowing them to use it in their daily lives. Some years ago, it was impossible to think about communicating quickly with someone on the other side of the world. Today it is as simple as sending an email that in seconds will be received at any destination or use instant messaging. Just as electricity or telephone helped in their time to improve the quality of life of people, access to computers and associated technology, for which free software is a collaborator, can improve the quality of life today. Not many know but in Cuba and many centers around the world have opted for free software to get rid of the restrictions imposed by proprietary software, in addition to helping people access technology. Richard Stallman, known as the father of free software, he expresses that it’s a matter of freedom and not price. Free Software refers to the freedom of users to execute, copy, distribute, study, change and improve software. Free software means that it respects the freedom to use it, execute it, change it and study it, and distribute copies with or without changes. This is a matter of freedom and not price, so think of “freedom of expression” and not “open bar.” These freedoms are of vital importance. They are essential, not only for the good of the individual user, because they promote social solidarity: sharing and cooperating. These freedoms become even more important as our culture and activities of daily living become more and more digital. In a world of sounds, images and digital words, free software comes to represent freedom in general.

Computer use and Internet access in childhood and adolescence has become widespread in the last decade. Households with minor children have use in figures much higher than the average of computers in homes; In addition, they make more use of them more than their parents, studies have shown that four years of age, 30% of children use the computer and 20% access the Internet, between 10 and 15 years 96% have this support and a large majority are connected to the network. Half do it almost daily increasing the frequency of its use as age increases. 80% access from home first, 50% from the classroom as a second option and, to a lesser extent, from homes of friends and family. The vast majority surf the Internet alone and about half of the access to the network from home is done from a non-shared room. The average daily use of the network between the ages of 9 and 16 is 71 minutes, with no notable gender differences. The time dedicated to the network is increasing with age, being less than one hour below ten years and exceeding ninety minutes after fifteen years. Access to the network is done from a computer whether its owned or shared, being very low the percentage of minors who currently do so through mobile telephone and/or another portable device. The Internet connection in childhood and adolescence is done for various which of those include information search, communication, social media and leisure. Thus, they obtain help in school tasks, maintain or increase their social relationships through the network and use it as a form of entertainment, where video games and video clips have a prominent role. From the age of 13 and throughout adolescence, leisure activities and the use of social networks increase, being very frequent in these ages: chat, visit a social profile, use email and download music or movies.

In mobile telephone i.e. cellular devices, the use of the mobile phone has expanded in the last decade in the general population and has also done so since very early ages. It is owned by a third of children between the ages of six and nine, a percentage that rises to 80% at age twelve, its use being widespread after 16 years, with greater penetration in the female sex. The smaller ones use it for telephone communications, as a videogame platform and, less frequently, for sending messages. The elderly, to communicate through conversation or through messages, as a form of leisure and entertainment and obtaining photos and videos. They are their interlocutors, among the youngest, their parents or other relatives, and in adolescence, mainly friends and family. Only half of the children report turning it off in class and a third of them sleep with the phone on. Half of the children send an SMS almost daily during school days, and the use that increases considerably on weekends and holidays. Foremost, children and adolescents spend an important number of hours every day to use the screens they have available. Between the ages of ten and sixteen, the most commonly used screen is the television, followed closely by the computer and, at a greater distance, by the mobile phone, dedicating almost half of them about four hours a day. Gradually the preference for new ICTs at the expense of the television is increased at an older age. Given the dilemma of choice between television and the Internet, teenagers opt for the latter. If the decision were to be made between the television and the mobile phone, men would prefer the television and women the telephone. Between the internet and the mobile phone, they mostly choose the network.

In conclusion, it was possible to have a deep knowledge about the different possibilities offered by ICTs and how they contribute in one way or another to reduce the digital divide that is so damaging to humanity, from children of both sexes at a young age through adulthood and into older age, it affects everyone. Particularly free software offers the world great possibilities to reduce the digital divide that today affects many people, particularly to third world countries, which cannot have access to many proprietary software due to the high price they have in the world market. At present it is possible to ensure that ICTs allow us to develop our knowledge and exchange criteria with other people regardless of distance through the tools available on the Internet such as online courses, discussion forums among many other options, thus allowing to expand our cultural level. The objective of the article is to present the strong impact of the use of information technologies in the business world and thus be able to understand the value of the IT area in the scope of competitive strategies. It is intended to give the positive approach to everything related to information systems and technology because it is not in question that organizing the information will have some negative consequences in the our lives, and it is precisely where IT begins to perform its function and open the doors to a whole new world for humanity; but at the same time it is necessary to know that the investing in this area depends on the results that will be obtained in each of us are users. Concluding in this statement, Information Technology is the business strategy is the new requirement to not lose the competitive advantage in an impact that has made globally, but on a personal point of view, this strategy should not leave out the application of Information technologies that go hand in hand with the needs of the of the people that stand behind this type of organization that is always in question and continues to progress and increase in evolution.

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