SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeover) Regulations Act, 1997

On the basis of recommendations of the Committee, the SEBI announced on Febuary20, 1997, the revised take over code as Securities and Exchange Board of India (Substantial Acquisitions of shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 1997. The objective of these regulations has been to provide an orderly framework within which substantial acquisitions and takeovers can take place. The salient features of this new takeover code (Regulations, 1997) may be enumerated as follows: i.Any person, who holds more than 5% shares or voting rights in any company, shall within two months of notification of these Regulation disclose his aggregate shareholding in that company, to the company which in turn, shall disclose to all the stock exchanges on which the shares of the company are listed, the aggregate number of shares held by each such person. ii.Any acquirer, who acquires shares or voting rights which (taken together with shares or voting rights, if any,Continue reading

SEBI (Prohibition of Fraudulent and Unfair Trade Practices relating to the Securities Market) Regulations, 2003

The SEBI (Prohibition of Fraudulent and Unfair Trade Practices relating to the Securities Market) Regulations, 2003 enable SEBI to investigate into cases of market manipulation and fraudulent and unfair trade practices. The regulations specifically prohibit market manipulation, misleading statements to induce sale or purchase of securities, unfair trade practices relating to securities. SEBI can conduct investigation, suo moto or upon information received by it, by an investigating officer in respect of conduct and affairs of any person dealing, buying/selling/dealing in securities. Based on the report of the investigating officer, SEBI can initiate action for suspension or cancellation of registration of an intermediary. The term “fraud” has been defined by Regulation 2(1)(c). Fraud includes any act, expression, omission or concealment committed whether in a deceitful manner or not by a person or by any other person or his agent while dealing in securities in order to induce another person with hisContinue reading

Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules, 1957

The Central Government has made Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules, 1957, in the exercise of the powers conferred by section 30 of SC(R) Act., 1956 for carrying out the purposes of that Act. The powers under the SC(R)R, 1957 are exercisable by SEBI. Contracts between members of recognised stock exchange All contracts between the members of a recognised stock exchange shall be confirmed in writing and shall be enforced in accordance with the rules and bye-laws of the stock exchange of which they are members (Rule 9). Books of account and other documents to be maintained and preserved by every member of a recognised stock exchange : (1) Every member of a recognised stock exchange shall maintain and preserve the following books of account and documents for a period of five years: (a) Register of transactions (Sauda book). (b) Clients’ ledger. (c) General ledger. (d) Journals. (e) Cash book. (f) BankContinue reading

SEBI (Stock brokers & Sub-brokers) Regulations, 1992

In terms of regulation 2(g), ‘small investor’ means any investor buying or selling securities on a cash transaction for a market value not exceeding rupees fifty thousand in aggregate on any day as shown in a contract note issued by the stock-broker. Registration of Stock Broker A stock broker applies in the prescribed format for grant of a certificate through the stock exchange or stock exchanges, as the case may be, of which he is admitted as a member (Regulation 3). The stock exchange forwards the application form to SEBI as early as possible as but not later than thirty days from the date of its receipt. SEBI takes into account for considering the grant of a certificate all matters relating to buying, selling, or dealing in securities and in particular the following, namely, whether the stock broker: (a) is eligible to be admitted as a member of a stockContinue reading

Laws governing merger in India

Various Laws governing merger in India are as follows: 1. Indian Companies Act, 1956 This has provisions specifically dealing with the amalgamation of a company or certain other entities with similar status. The most common form of merger involves as elaborate but time-bound procedure under sections 391 to 396 of the Act. Powers in respect of these matters were with High Court (usually called Company Court). These powers are being transferred to National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) by companies (second Amendment) Act, 2002. The Compromise, arrangement and Amalgamation/reconstruction require approval of NCLT while the sale of shares to Transferee Company does not require approval of NCLT. Sec 390 This section provides that “The expression ‘arrangement’ includes a reorganization of the share capital of the company by the consolidation of shares of different classes, or by the division of shares into shares of different classes, or by both these methods” SecContinue reading

Workers Compensation Act, 1923

The Workers Compensation Act, aims to provide workmen and/or their dependents some relief in case of accidents arising out of and in the course of employment and causing either death or disablement of workmen. It provides for payment by certain classes of employers to their workmen compensation for injury by accident. The latest amendment to the Act was made in 1984. Object and scope of the Act: The passing of the Act in 1923 was the first step towards social security of workmen. The main objective of the Act is to provide for the payment of compensation by certain classes of employers to their workers for injury by accident. The theory of Act is that “The cost of the product should bear the blood of the workmen”. The Act came into force on the first day of July, 1924. The growing complexity of industry with increasing use of machinery andContinue reading