References must be explicitly given in the research report. Bibliography is one type of referencing a research report and this has been already dealt. Other type of referencing is the foot notes.Referencing using Footnotes
Footnotes are meant to give complete bibliographical references and to provide the reader with information to enable him consult sources independently. These may be placed at the foot of a page or at the end of every chapter. When footnotes are given at the foot of the page, they are to be separated from the text by a fifteen space solid line drawn from the left margin and one double space below the last line of the text. If given at the end of a chapter, a centered heading ‘FOOTNOTES’ is necessary. Reference to footnotes is made by the use of superscripts i.e., numerals raised by one-half space. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively through a chapter, right after the statement. However, footnotes should not be resorted to common place statements or ordinary facts. They must be restricted to direct quotations, original ideas, statements, definitions, illustrations and diagrams. If a quotation found in one source that is obtained from another source, is used, both the sources should be listed in the footnote. Footnotes should be given in single line spacing with the first line only indented. A double space -should separate, successive footnotes.
In this context, certain conventions in footnoting should be kept in mind. While writing the author’s name, the first name or initials should be written first.… Read the rest