Residential status and Tax liability

The scope of total income is determined on the basis of residential status of the assessee. For the purposes of this Act, there can be three residential status. Residential status is determined on the basis Basic conditions and Additional conditions Resident and ordinarily resident Resident but not ordinarily resident Non resident. RESIDENTIAL STATUS OF AN INDIVIDUAL Resident and Ordinarily Resident [ROR] An individual is said to be resident in India if he satisfies anyone of the basic conditions and both of the additional conditions. Resident but Not Ordinarily Resident [RNR] An individual is said to be resident but not ordinarily resident in India if he satisfies anyone of the basic conditions but does not satisfies both of the additional conditions.Continue reading

Introduction to Income Tax

The word tax was derived from the Latin word ‘taxore’ meaning to estimate, appreciate or value. Tax is a price which each citizen pays to the state to cover his share of the cost of the general public services which he will consume. It indirectly provides employment opportunities. Taxes are compulsory contributions imposed by the government on its citizens to meet its general expenses incurred for the common good, without any corresponding benefit to the tax payer. In 1860, the British government firstly introduced tax in India. The present law of income tax is contained in the income tax Act,1961 as amended up to date; the income tax rules 1962 as amended up to date and finance Act passed by the parliament every year. Income Tax Act came into force with effect from 1-4-1962 and extends to the whole of India. Assessee [Sec 2(7)] Assessee means a person by whomContinue reading

Basic Principles of International Taxation

Rapid economic development happens to be one of the primary objectives of all developing economies and India is not an exception. This is possible mainly through the accumulation and proper use of capital. The developing economies lack adequate basic infrastructural facilities. In order to develop these, the government takes upon itself the responsibility for building up capital formation, through sound taxation policies. There are two basic principles followed by different countries in International taxation 1) Residence Based Taxation The principle of residence-based taxation asserts that natural persons or individuals are taxable in the country or tax jurisdiction in which they establish their residence or domicile, regardless of the source of income. In the case of non-natural persons such as companies or firms, the place of incorporation or the place where control or management is exercised is deemed to be the place of residence. In the context of income tax, theContinue reading