Quality is a continuous process that can be broken anywhere in the system of supply and customer service. By letting every person know how their activities help fulfill customer’s requirements, the organization can motivate their employees and supplies to provide quality consistently. They must also realize that throughout the organization they will have both internal customers and’ supplies to those outside the organization. In general, a process helps to change a set of inputs into desired output in the form of products or services. Proper investigation of the inputs and outputs of the organization help to determine the action to be taken for the improvement of the quality. The quest for continuous improvement of quality is a continuous cycle. The process on which continuous improvement is based is generally known as “Deming Wheel“. The wheel represented below shows a continuous movement in a certain direction. The idea behind this that the input, which generates activities with measurable output, is process and the perfection of the process is the ultimate objective.
In a Deming’s wheel, the PLAN defines the process, which ensures documentation and sets measurable objectives against it. The DO executes the process and collects the information required. The CHECK analyses the information in suitable format. The ACT obtains corrective action using Total Quality Management (TQM) techniques and methods and assesses future plans. At the end of each cycle the process is either standardized or targets are adjusted based on the analysis and the cycle continuous.
Total Quality Management (TQM) approach is both a practical working process and a quality philosophy for the organizations committed to growth and survival. TQM approach starts with a vision that a concentrated management action can improve the quality of service and products of the organization at a very competitive cost satisfying customer’s need and increasing the market share. This increased market share will be stable because it has been earned with the help of solid customers’ goodwill and not by gimmickry advertising.