There are different motives for investment. The most prominent among all is to earn a return on investment. However, selecting investments on the basis of return in not enough. The fact is that most investors invest their funds in more than one security suggest that there are other factors, besides return, and they must be considered. The investors not only like return but also dislike risk. So, what is required is:
- Clear understanding of what risk and return are,
- What creates them, and
- How can they be measured?
Return: The return is the basic motivating force and the principal reward in the investment process. The return may be defined in terms of (i) realized return, i.e., the return which has been earned, and (ii) expected return, i.e., the return which the investor anticipates to earn over some future investment period. The expected return is a predicted or estimated return and may or may not occur. The realized returns in the past allow an investor to estimate cash inflows in terms of dividends, interest, bonus, capital gains, etc, available to the holder of the investment. The return can be measured as the total gain or loss to the holder over a given period of time and may be defined as a percentage return on the initial amount invested. With reference to investment in equity shares, return is consisting of the dividends and the capital gain or loss at the time of sale of these shares.
Risk: Risk in investment analysis means that future returns from an investment are unpredictable.… Read the rest