Four Levels of Uncertainty – Strategic Planning Under Uncertainty

Even the most uncertain business environments contain a lot of strategically relevant information. First, it is often possible to identify clear trends, such as market demographics, that can help define potential demand for future products or services. Second, there is usually a host of factors that are currently unknown but that are in fact knowable-that could be known if the right analysis were done. The uncertainty that remains after the best possible analysis has been done is what we call residual uncertainty. Hugh G. Courtney, Jane Kirkland, and S. Patrick Viguerie in their article Strategy Under Uncertainty have developed a useful framework for dealing with various uncertainties in strategy formulation. Four Levels of Uncertainty The authors present four levels of uncertainty: 1) A predictable future, 2) Alternate futures 3) A range of futures 4) True ambiguity. Level 1: Clear Enough/Predictable Future This would apply to situations where sufficiently precise predictionsContinue reading

Process Reengineering – History, Definition and Process Steps

The driving force behind all the changes which are taking place in the all the firm of the world are two Cs: customers, competition. The demands of the customers are changing day by day and this change in demand of customers pose new sets of challenges to the firms every now and then and hence firms have to change or modify their offering to customers accordingly. Firms who are able to do it in less time and less cost turn out to be the industry leaders. Firms set their mission and vision statements on the basis of their short term and long term strategy and to attain those goals firms need to adjust themselves with the constantly changing environment. We have seen dominance of Japanese firms in automobile and electronic components, the reason for this dominance of Japanese firms over other firms round the world is their techniques. They changeContinue reading

Resource Based View (RBV) and Sustainable Competitive Advantage

Resource based view (RBV) focuses on the internal factors that contribute to a firm’s growth and performance. It highlights the importance of firm’s resources and capabilities. Both of them will together form a competency that can create a competitive advantage. Resources can also be divided into tangible resources and intangible resources. Capabilities of the firm in utilizing the resources have a big impact on how a firm will be able to stand out among other competitors. Competitive advantage arises when a firm has a lower cost structure, products differentiation and niche markets. RBV also concerns in value creation in order to compete with others. On the other hand, in order to survive in this competitive world, a firm needs to fully prepare itself to achieve sustainable competitive advantage (SCA), which means having a superior performance in a longer term compared to other rivals. According to Jay Barney (1991), resources needContinue reading

Grid Training

Grid training is basically based on grid organization development developed by Blake and Mouton. It is a comprehensive and systematic Organizational Development programme which aims at individuals, groups, and the organization as a whole. Grid training utilizes a considerable number of instruments, enabling individuals and groups to assess their own strengths and weaknesses; focuses on skills, knowledge, and processes necessary for effectiveness at the individual, group, inter-group, and total organizational levels. Its specific objectives are as follows: To study the organization as an interactive system and apply techniques of analysis in diagnosing its problems. To understand the importance and rationale of systematic change. To evaluate the styles of leadership and techniques of participation to produce desirable results. Process of Grid Training The basic content of grid organization development is managerial grid as discussed. The whole orientation is to develop managerial style through the application of behavioral science knowledge. The gridContinue reading

Managing Collaborative Relationships with Stakeholders in Organizations

Understanding the principles of effective collaboration with other organizations is important in an organization as the current stakeholders have an active interest, the interests could be financial, environmental or charitably within the organizations. Within an organization, building relationships with stakeholders can prove to help your business by using their expertise’s and knowledge. There can be both moral and business reasons to collaborate with stakeholders. By working with stakeholders that have current interests allows you to have a common ground and want the best outcomes for your organization, it allows you to create outcomes together, improve current systems and work on these together to create a better functioning organization. Collaborating with stakeholders allows new ideas and helps towards problem solving. Looking at the stakeholders allows you to gain experience and feedback to create a better working business, it also allows you to build relationships which can help towards future cost, flexibilityContinue reading

Institution-Based View of Business Strategy

An industry-based view, illustrated by Porter (1980), decides firm strategy and performance. Sustainable competitive advantages can be discovered by industry analysis and by selecting from the generic strategies. The competitive strength and the firm’s ability can maintain positional advantages through the efficient and effective implementation of competitive strategy. Secondly, a resource-based view (RBV), was demonstrated by Barney (1991), advocates that firm-specific differences determine strategy and performance. RBV emphases internal resources and capabilities of organisations. RBV portraits companies as idiosyncratic bundles of resources and capabilities that are available for distribution by the organization’s business units. Heterogeneity in the resources and capabilities is the reason of variations in organization performance. Sustainable competitive advantage is not the result of correct position in the external environment but is derived from the organization’s internal resources, which are valuable, inimitable, rare, and nonsubstitutable. Industry-based view and resource-based view are complementary because they settle the relationship betweenContinue reading