Corporate Restructuring at Arvind Mills

The case provides an overview of the Arvind Mills’ expansion strategy, which resulted in the company’s poor financial health in the late 1990s. In the mid 1990s, Arvind Mills’ undertook a massive expansion of its denim capacity in spite of the fact that other cotton fabrics were slowly replacing the demand for denim. The expansion plan was funded by loans from both Indian and overseas financial institutions. With the demand for denim slowing down, Arvind Mills found it difficult to repay the loans, and thus the interest burden on the loans shot up. In the late 1990s, Arvind Mills ran into deep financial problems because of its debt burden. As a result, it incurred huge losses in the late 1990s. The case also discusses in detail the Arvind Mills debt-restructuring plan for the long-term debts being taken up in February 2001. Issues: » Debt driven expansion plan, financial restructuring ofContinue reading

The Leveraged Buy-out Deal of Tata & Tetley

The case ‘The Leveraged Buyout Deal of Tata & Tetley’ provides insights into the concept of Leveraged Buyout (LBO) and its use as a financial tool in acquisitions, with specific reference to Tata Tea’s takeover of global tea major Tetley. This deal which was the biggest ever cross-border acquisition, was also the first-ever successful leveraged buy-out by any Indian company. The case examines the Tata Tea-Tetley deal in detail, explaining the process and the structure of the deal. The case helps them to understand the mechanism of LBO. Through the Tata-Tetley deal the case attempts to give students an understanding of the practical application of the concept. In the summer of 2000, the Indian corporate fraternity was witness to a path breaking achievement, never heard of or seen before in the history of corporate India. In a landmark deal, heralding a new chapter in the Indian corporate history, Tata TeaContinue reading

Case study: Tata Motor’s Acquisition of Jaguar and Land Rover

Tata Motors is the largest multi-holding automobile company in India and it is the fourth largest truck producer in the world. In addition, Tata Motors is also the second largest bus producer in the world, with the revenues of US$ 8.8 billion in the financial year 2008. Since its establishment in 1945, Tata Motors has grown significantly in the past 60years with the strategies of joint venture, acquisition and launched new products in different market segments (i.e. passenger cars, commercial vehicles and utility vehicles). A significant breakthrough for Tata was the development and commercialization of the truly Indian cars and they are Tata Indica (1998) and Tata Indigo (2002). Tata Motors has experienced many joint ventures with Daimler Benz, Cummis Engine Co. Inc., and Fiat. In the year 2008, there were two most significant events which have had a momentous impact on the scale of the Company’s operations and itsContinue reading

Case Study: Failure of Vodafone in Japan

Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational mobile network operator, its main headquarter is in Newbury, England. It is the world’s largest mobile telecommunication network company, based on revenue, its market value on the UK stock exchange is about £80.2 billion as of August 2010, making it Britain’s third largest company. It is currently operating in 31 countries and has partner networks in a further 40 countries. In 2001 Vodafone announced to get into Japanese market with acquiring AT&T’s 10% economic interest in Japan Telecom Co., Ltd. (“Japan Telecom”) for a cash consideration of US$1.35 billion ( £0.93 billion). Japan Telecom was one of Japan’s leading telecommunications companies and parent of the fast growing mobile network, J-Phone Communications Co., Ltd., and its regional wireless operating companies (collectively known as “the J-Phone Group”). After this deal, Vodafone held 25% of Japan Telecom’s equity. The reason for Vodafone going into Japanese marketContinue reading

Case Study: FERA Violations by ITC

ITC was started by UK-based tobacco major BAT (British American Tobacco). It was called the Peninsular Tobacco Company, for cigarette manufacturing, tobacco procurement and processing activities. In 1910, it set up a full-fledged sales organization named the Imperial Tobacco Company of India Limited. To cope with the growing demand, BAT set up another cigarette manufacturing unit in Bangalore in 1912. To handle the raw material (tobacco leaf) requirements, a new company called Indian Leaf Tobacco Company (ILTC) was incorporated in July 1912. By 1919, BAT had transferred its holdings in Peninsular and ILTC to Imperial. Following this, Imperial replaced Peninsular as BAT’s main subsidiary in India. By the late 1960s, the Indian government began putting pressure on multinational companies to reduce their holdings. Imperial divested its equity in 1969 through a public offer, which raised the shareholdings of Indian individual and institutional investors from 6.6% to 26%. After this, theContinue reading

Case Study on FEMA: RBI slapped Rs.125 crore on Reliance Infrastructure

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has asked the Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group firm, Reliance Infrastructure (earlier, Reliance Energy), to pay just under Rs 125 crore as compounding fees for parking its foreign loan proceeds worth $300 million with its mutual fund in India for 315 days, and then repatriating the money abroad to a joint venture company. These actions, according to an RBI order, violated various provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA). In its order, RBI said Reliance Energy raised a $360-million ECB on July 25, 2006, for investment in infrastructure projects in India. The ECB proceeds were drawn down on November 15, 2006, and temporarily parked overseas in liquid assets. On April 26, 2007, Reliance Energy repatriated the ECB proceeds worth $300 million to India while the balance remained abroad in liquid assets. It then invested these funds in Reliance Mutual Fund Growth Option and RelianceContinue reading