Porter’s Five Forces and Three Generic Strategies

The long development of Porter’s Five Forces Analysis has brought to the fact that those forces become the determinants of the industry’s competition. These five forces are treat of new entry, rivalry among existing firms, treat from substitute products, bargaining power of buyers, and bargaining power of suppliers. Furthermore, five forces analysis is treated by the organization to measure the level of competition, besides that, it is used as a strong first step in understanding how one industry compares to another and also to determine industry profitability because they influence the prices, costs, and required investment of firm in an industry. In order to be competitive enough, a normal company that seeks profitability would have to understand how they work in its industry and how they affect the company in its particular situation. Therefore, Three Generic Strategies were implemented to establish a strategic agenda for dealing with these five forces.Continue reading

Five Approaches to Differentiation Strategy

In order to achieve competitive advantage against the competitors, corporations carry out the strategy to distinguish themselves from the competitors in aspects of product, service, image, and etc. The focus of differentiation strategy is to creative the product and service, which is considered to be unique and special by the industry and customers. The foundations of the implement of differentiation strategy are customer needs, competitors, products and services levels. There are many means to carry out differentiation strategy. Such as product differentiation, service differentiation and image differences and so on. By carrying out differentiation strategy, the brand loyalty of users will be cultivated successfully and the corporation can also avoid the direct confrontation of competitors. Therefore, differentiation strategy is an effective competitive strategy, which enables the enterprise to obtain profits above the industry average level. Approaches to Differentiation Strategy Differential Product Strategy: In order to get an advantage different fromContinue reading

Link Between Core Competency and Competitive Advantage

In order to explore the link between core competency and competitive advantage, it is crucial to understand the implications of both terms. Competitive advantage could imply exploitation of resources resulting in an organisation’s distinctive position compared to competition. While most firms view the attainment of competitive advantage as earning greater investment returns, it can comprise of various aspects, for instance, enhancing environmental impact or capturing a greater market share can be viewed as a source of competitive advantage for a particular firm. Porter (1985) defined competitive advantage as the value delivered by a firm’s products that exceeds costs of creating that value. In this context, competitive advantage was achieved by a firm through adoption of either a differentiation or cost leadership strategy. However, competitive advantage does not solely rely upon implementation of value creating activities as the notion undermines and sometimes ignores to account for the potential of competitors. ThereforeContinue reading

The Importance of Core Competencies in Strategy Formulation

Strategy allows an organisation to deliver its vision. To develop a deliberate strategy which could potentially increase the sustainability of an organisation clearly requires the identification of core competencies but often a single strategy is not the answer. Organisations require a headline strategy to fit a brief which resonates the vision but several strategies are required over many departments such as research and development, production and marketing to deliver the main strategy. The process of strategy development is complex and methodology depends on several factors including the availability of resources and the external environment. The first step in strategy development is the identification of core competencies then followed by the the process of leveraging resources so they can be exploited for maximum benefit. Strategy development is a crucial step in attaining competitive advantage but a strategy is only as successful as its implementation. The process of leveraging core competencies thereforeContinue reading

Case Study of Walmart: Business Model Innovation for Sustainability

A business model is a plan or strategy that a company uses to attain its goals and objectives. The goals and objectives of an organization relates to the identification of the targeted customer base, identifying the sources of funds and the various areas for revenues. The goals for most companies are to maximize the profit and to make sure that the company expands and grows in the process. A business model is an abstract depiction of a company. It integrates the various processes of a company and highlights the various strategies and approaches taken by a company to achieve its objectives and goals in the process. A business model is developed by aligning the goals of an organization with the structure of an organization. There are various types of business models. Some of them are, “Bricks and clicks model”, “collective business models”, Direct sales model” etc. These are some ofContinue reading

Case Study: Johnson & Johnson Company Analysis

Founded in 1866 as a family business, Johnson & Johnson now has over 130,000 employees in 60 countries worldwide. What started off as a small, three-person business, the company has now expanded across the globe and was named a “2017 Fortune’s Most Admired Company”. One may wonder, how did brothers Robert, James, and Edward Johnson set the foundation for the next 130 years to come? This success can be attributed to Johnson & Johnson’s Strategic Framework, which is at the root of all decision-making. The company’s Strategic Framework is comprised of three main components: The Foundation, Strategic Principles, and Growth Drivers. All three sections of the Strategic Framework include insight into Johnson & Johnson’s Management Approach, which guides the company’s philosophy for continuous success. The Foundation includes the Credo, which establishes the values incorporated into the decision-making process. The Credo can be seen in every single office and corner ofContinue reading