The three levels of management found in any organization are top, middle, and lower managerial level management. The extent to which managers perform the functions of management – planning, organizing, directing, and controlling – varies by level in the management hierarchy.
Top Level Management:
- The major functions of top level management is planning and organizing.
- The top management determines the mission and sets the goals for the organization.
- Its primary function is long-range planning.
- Top management is accountable for the overall management of the organization.
Middle Level management:
- The middle level management implements the top management goals.
- Monitors and controls the operating performance
- Train, motivate and develop the supervisory level.
- Also coordinate the functions of various departments.
Lower level or supervisory management:
- Supervisors are managers whose major functions emphasize directing and controlling the work of employees in order to achieve the team goals.
- They are the only level of management managing non-managers.
- Thus, most of the supervisor’s time is allocated to the functions of directing and controlling.
- They maintain discipline and good human relations among the workers.