The key global pressures affecting human resource management are deployment, knowledge and innovation dissemination, and identifying and developing talent on a global basis. Today, it is easy to get the right skills to where we need them, regardless of geographic location. Similarly, spreading the knowledge and practices throughout the organization, and identifying persons who can function effectively in a global organization and developing his or her abilities etc. are all possible.
Managing international HR activities are an elaborate and complex task. Human Resource Planning (HRP) is the process of forecasting an organization’s future demand for and supply of, the right type of people in the right numbers. HRP assumes greater relevance in international businesses where efficient use of human resources is necessary to realize strategic global objectives. The key issues in international HR planning are identifying top management potential early, identifying critical success factors for future international managers, providing developmental opportunities, tracking and maintaining commitments to individuals in international career paths, trying strategic business planning to HR planning and vice versa and dealing with multiple business units while attempting to achieve globally and regionally. Global HR outlook need appreciative of different cultures, understanding what motivates people from different societies, and how that is reflected in the structure of international assignments. In China, for instance, special insurance should cover emergency evacuations for serious health problems; telephone communication can be a necessity in Russia. So the challenge of conducting HR activities abroad comes also from the cultural, political, legal, and economic differences among countries and their peoples.
In the global phase of human resource management, HRM focuses on both local responsiveness and global integration. The major issue for global human resource management is how to satisfy the requirements for global integration and national responsiveness. There exists large measure of cultural diversity and HRM focuses on offering promising managers the opportunity to grow and gain experience so that an environment for continuous learning will be created throughout the entire organization.