Developmental Approach to Performance Appraisal

The developmental approach to performance appraisal has been related  to employees as individuals. This approach has been concerned with the use of  performance appraisal as a contributor to employee motivation, development,  and human resources planning. The developmental approach contained all of the  traditional overall organizational performance appraisal purposes and the  following additional purposes:

  1. Provided employees the opportunity to formally indicate the direction  and level of the employee’s ambition.
  2. Show organizational interest in employee development, which was cited  to help the enterprise retain ambitious, capable employees instead of  losing the employees to competitors.
  3. Provided a structure for communications between employees and  management to help clarify expectations of the employee by  management and the employee, and
  4. Provide satisfaction and encouragement to the employee who has been  trying to perform well.

Who are Appraisers?

The appraiser may be any person who has thorough knowledge about the  job content, contents to be appraised, standards of contents and who observes  the employee while performing a job. The appraiser should be capable of  determining what is more important and what is relatively less important.  He/She should prepare reports and make judgments without bias. The typical  appraisers are: supervisors/immediate officer, peers, subordinates, employees  themselves, users of service and consultants.  The systematic appraisals are conducted on a regular basis, say for  example, every six months or annually, whereas the informal appraisals are  conducted whenever the supervisor or concern authorities feel necessary.

Appraiser skills

The performance appraiser supposed to possess the following skills  while involving in the performance appraisal system.

  1. Set specific goals for every job with due consultation of respective employee  where appraisal is required.
  2. Identify paths to reach goals, analyze job and related problems.
  3. Continuously monitor and improve staff performance.
  4. Be trained in conducting effective performance appraiser in the areas of  setting objectives, and giving feedback.
  5. Be aware of potential for bias and counteract tendencies- stereotype, halo,  central tendency and so on.
  6. Need to have extensive information about jobber on whom the performance  appraisal is made.

What should be rated?

The seven criteria for assessing performance are:

  1. Quality — The degree to which the process or result of carrying out an  activity approaches perfection.
  2. Quantity — The amount produced, expressed in monetary terms, number  of units, or number of completed activity cycles.
  3. Timeliness — The degree to which an activity or a result produced.
  4. Cost effectiveness — The degree to which the use of the organization’s  resources — human, monetary, technological and material.
  5. Need for supervision — The degree to which a job performer can carry  out a job function without supervisory assistance.
  6. Interpersonal impact – The degree to which a performer promotes  feelings of self-esteem, goodwill and co-operation among co-worker and  subordinates.
  7. Training – Need for training for improving his skills knowledge.

The above criteria relate to past performance and behavior of an  employee. There is also a the need for assessing the potential of an employee for  future performance, particularly when the employee is tipped for assuming  greater responsibilities.

One thought on “Developmental Approach to Performance Appraisal

  1. Nice article. Till now I have read many articles on how to rate employee performance, but this articles gives a different angle by providing the skills that an appraiser needs to have.

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